What is Equalization?
Equalization prevents battery stratification, or separating a lead acid battery's acid from the other components where it settles on the bottom and becomes "dormant."
When you don't drive a car for a long time, it's what happens to a battery and a "jump" or large electrical pulse is supplied to a battery to "excite" it to make it work.
When a solar controller with equalization functionality enters this state, it supplies higher-than-normal voltage to ensure the battery isn't sulfating (corroding plates in the battery), or, discharging. This solar controller equalizes for 60 minutes.
What type of solar panels can be used with this?
Amorphous, Monocrystalline, and Polycrystalline designed for 12 or 24 Volt systems. Monocrystalline and Polycrystalline are preferred as Amorphous is the least efficient of the three.